Living Heritage Plant Guide
The Living Heritage Plant Guide for Nelson was published August 2003 by the Department of Conservation and Nelson City Council describing eight different lowland ecosystems in the Nelson City area. It provides advice on planting, and lists of native species appropriate for each ecosystem.
The guide is a tool for all of us to use when we make our planting choices in our gardens and larger areas. Both Nelson City Council and Department of Conservation will be using it in their roles as landowners and conservation advocates. The information contained in this guide needs to be used alongside access to locally sourced plants, and control of weeds and other pests. Then Nelson will be able to express pride in its own character through its vegetation and its animals.
If we can do that, we will be able to identify more closely with our natural heritage and our environment will flourish
Download the guide
Nelson's plant heritage
There is very little lowland and coastal vegetation remaining in Nelson. The small remnants that are left are generally isolated from each other by pasture, exotic forests, urban areas and roads. It is only in the colder uplands of the Bryant Range behind Nelson that larger areas of native vegetation are still found. But most of the species and habitats of the warmer lower altitudes cannot survive in these uplands.
The loss and fragmentation of the lowlands – illustrated in Appendix 1 – has resulted in habitats that are too small to function healthily and maintain their integrity and viability. Animal and plant populations are often too small for long-term survival – many native species have already become extinct in Nelson.
By linking and expanding the remaining natural areas and by creating new ones, we can provide suitable habitat for the re-establishment of our lost fauna and flora, as well as improve the chances of survival of what remains of Nelson’s own natural ecosystems and their native inhabitants.
The purpose of this guide is to encourage gardeners, owners of larger properties, community groups, iwi, schools, landscape professionals and nurseries to help restore the native vegetation that is unique to Nelson. This guide concentrates on the Nelson lowland, coastal and wetland ecosystems – those most in need of restoration.
‘New Zealand’s most low lying country, estuaries and tidal inlets, has become its most altered ... it is our destiny as a country to continually revisit the past. And keep alive a sense of native plants, soils, climatic cycles and life forces as necessary ingredients of how we actually live.’ — Geoff Park
Area covered by the guide
The area mapped by this guide only covers land for which Nelson City Council is responsible. This extends from Champion Road northwards to Cape Soucis and inland to the lower slopes of the Bryant Range in Mount Richmond Forest Park. This is the area shown on the maps. The plant lists do not include any of the mineral belt or upland plants of the Bryant Range.
A separate vegetation guide is being prepared for the Tasman District Council area, which covers Richmond, Tasman Bay, Golden Bay and Buller.
Please note that all woody plants naturally occurring in Nelson have been listed, but the only ferns and non-woody plants (grasses, rushes, sedges and herbs) listed are those that are suitable for restoration planting.